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Big News Big Debate : అమెరికాలో అల్లకల్లోలం || Corona Deaths In USA – Rajinikanth TV9

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10 Amazing Photos You Missed This Week

Amid the rush of news, it’s easy to miss great images that fly under the radar. Fortunately, we’ve got you covered.

We’re highlighting exceptional photos from around the world for the week that ended Friday.

Check them out below.

Above: Geese catch a ride atop a car driving on a highway to Ganja, Azerbaijan, on Wednesday.


Flames from a wildfire light up a mountain ridge near Granby, Colorado, on Thursday.


Brazil’s defense minister, Fernando Azevedo e Silva, yawns during a ceremony for Aviator Day at an airbase in Brasilia, Brazil, on Friday.


A couple in wedding outfits poses for photos in the Parc du Cinquantenaire in Brussels on Friday.

Getty Images

Two husky dogs watch their master swim in Lake Geneva at sunrise in Genthod, Switzerland, on Wednesday.

guinness world records

Demonstrators light flares as they protest COVID-19 restrictions in Prague’s Old Town Square on Sunday.


A new fountain on the Palm Jumeirah in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, tries to break a record for the largest fountain for the Guinness World Records on Thursday.


A dog wears a traditional festival costume and glasses at the Sanja Matsuri, one of Tokyo’s biggest traditional festivals taking place after months of delay caused by the COVID-19 outbreak, in the Asakusa district of Tokyo on Sunday.


Thailand’s Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana Rajakanya takes pictures as she arrives for a religious ceremony to commemorate the death of King Chulalongkorn, known as King Rama V, at The Grand Palace in Bangkok on Friday.


A man watches as a boy jumps into the Yamuna River on a smoggy morning in the old quarters of Delhi, India, on Saturday.

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Indian Women In Science Struggled Even Before The Pandemic. Now, Things Are Much Worse

Rubina Mulchandani has been unable to do any field work for the past six months. A PhD scholar at the Indian Institute of Public Health in Gurugram, Mulchandani’s research involves travelling to tertiary hospitals in Delhi to collect data from cardiology OPDs. The first major hurdle was the Delhi metro grinding to a halt on 22 March, two days before the national lockdown began. Then came the other restrictions and health risks of the pandemic. While metro services restarted in September, Mulchandani, who has already lost precious time, says she’s unlikely to get on a train anytime soon because of the health and safety risks involved.

“Early research career fellows like me often do a lot of field work. There is only so much work you can do sitting at home. We are all facing that problem, but for women, due to the fact that we face additional constraints with travel and (our role as) primary caregivers, the impact of Covid is compounded,” said Mulchandani.

As the global scientific community focuses on Covid-19 research at the cost of other ongoing projects, women in science around the world, including in India, say the pandemic is widening the gender gap that already existed. Only about 14% of Indian scientists are women, the UN found in 2018, and attrition rates of women researchers at early career levels were high even before the pandemic. A new study by data scientists at research institute Monk Prayogshala shows that the number of Indian women publishing papers on Covid-19 is much lower than men.

“When I look around for other women in my position, I can’t really see them,” said Gagandeep Kang, a senior medical scientist in India who was, until recently, chair of an Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) task force on Covid-19 drugs and vaccines.

“This isn’t exclusive to Covid. Women are going to be sidelined in decision-making. That’s what we have gotten used to, and it is only likely to amplify,” added Kang, who acknowledged that the bulk of the strain is falling on early career researchers such as Mulchandani.

Many young researchers are also struggling to find funding for their work. For some months now, Mulchandani has been awaiting the results of the applications she sent to two prominent research funding bodies. But all she has been coming across are notices of further delay on their websites. “Even if the results do finally come out in two months, as the latest notice says, it would be a delay of one year,” she said. 

Out of 1,006 publications related to COVID uploaded on preprint servers between 1 December 2019 and 13 August 2020, the study identified only 1,724 women authors, compared with 4240 men.

Mulchandani’s emails to the funding bodies have remained unanswered, leading her to suspect that “research funds may have been directed towards Covid-19 work”.  This phenomenon, which has been dubbed ‘Covidisation’ of research, is being flagged as a grave concern by researchers as it not only takes away funding from those not doing Covid-19 work, it also invites non-experts into Covid-19 decision making. An open letter from May, signed by 35 women scientists researching on Covid-19 in North America and Europe, says: “Management consultants – largely male – with negligible relevant experience are making key decisions about the health of millions. Tech sector data scientists with no prior experience in any aspect of public health, biology or disease control are being “pulled-in” to task forces to discuss the finer points of contact tracing with policymakers. Senior male academics, famous for their innovations in other spheres, are giving public commentary with ill-informed modelling exercises, conjectures, or policy prescriptions with no basis in rigorous science.” 

Moreover, while many senior scientists may have the freedom to ‘Covidise’ their research areas, such shifts are not an option for most early career researchers.

“If you are not working in Covid disease, drugs, diagnostics or vaccines—because that is where the funding is at, this is where prominence is being given—you may be under threat. Many  people are forced to wonder if they should be thinking of shifting to some aspect of Covid because that is going to give you continued prominence. Because if you don’t, you might wind up in a situation where the work that you’re doing is discounted, at least for the moment,” said Kang, pointing out the conundrum her early career colleagues are facing due to Covidisation.

She put this in context of an already “scary” scenario in India. 

“In our country, research funding is already being cut. So if you are a scientist and a researcher and you know that there is going to be a 30% cut in what has already been approved, how do you manage? What you are dealing with is a new situation, where you have more questions, not less, and yet resources are being cut. So how do you decide what to prioritise?” she asked.

Study shows gender gap in Covid-19 research

Hansika Kapoor, one of the authors of the Monk Prayogshala study mentioned above, explained the question they were trying to answer through the quick study: “How can we support or refute the finding that Indian women scientists working on Covid are being underrepresented, or what is the proportion between men and women in Covid-related output?”

Kapoor and her colleague Arathy Puthillam scraped data from three preprint repositories: PsyArXiv, arXiv and Bio/MedRxiv. The data was then coded by their colleagues to various variables, gender being one of them. A Google search of the authors was used to create secondary data on apparent gender presentation.

Out of 1,006 publications related to COVID uploaded on preprint servers between 1 December 2019 and 13 August 2020, the study identified only 1,724 women authors, compared with 4240 men. 

“The gender gap base rate was calculated as the total number of women authors/total number of men authors, per archive. You can see that psychology has the greatest number of women, but you can also see how badly women are represented in biology/medicine and the ‘hard’ sciences—physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, statistics, electrical engineering and systems science, and economics,” said Puthillam.

The authors conclude: “Overall, based on both the proportion of women who hold faculty and other positions of power in STEM and based on publication rates during COVID, we can say that there is a significant gender gap in publication. This is especially so in some subjects (e.g., Physics, computer science etc.) than others (e.g., psychology).”

The choice of the three preprint archives presents a comparison between “hard and soft science”—arXiv publishes papers on the hard side of the spectrum while one is likely to find more women working in psychology. 

“We need to ensure that the solution (to close the gender gap) is systemic, rather than just trying to include more women, because even in a field like psychology, where by numbers, the proportion is more or less equal, there is some imbalance when it comes to positions of power and influence,” cautioned Puthillam, the first author of the study.

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscrip

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in preparation.

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in preparation.

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in preparation.  

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in

Puthillam, A., & Kapoor, H. (2020). Is the COVID-19 pandemic straining gender dynamics among Indian scientists? Manuscript in preparation.  

No help from universities, authorities

The challenges faced by early career researchers have been exacerbated by the lack of institutional support.

Deepika Choubey was employed as a Junior Research Fellow in a private university (which she does not want to name) until recently. Once the lockdown ended, she was requested to join the lab, which was many miles away from her home. When she was unable to turn up, she was de-registered from her JRF position, which she found out only when she tried unsuccessfully to log in to the lab’s website 

“It is actually very discouraging for someone in my position. And this is not just me—a few months ago, another fellow, who also happens to be a woman, was asked to leave overnight.” Choubey urged institutions to start being “at least a little” responsible for their research students, citing the fact that many colleges and universities had asked hostels to be emptied, forcing students to leave campus when the crisis hit.  

Some researchers trying to do field work during the lockdown also faced physical violence as well as penury.

In our country, research funding is already being cut. So if you are a scientist and a researcher and you know that there is going to be a 30% cut in what has already been approved, how do you manage?
Gagandeep Kang

Kang, who leads several field teams, said that in May, she got a shocking phone call informing her of the police beating up field workers who were collecting samples for her group’s typhoid vaccine project. Besides police brutality, she said, “in my field teams, we have seen people having to deal with domestic violence, and the desperation of not being able to get out of containment zones to get their salaries. This includes people from various backgrounds and genders—from the ayahs managing the clinics to senior scientists.”

No government ministries or departments have announced any official studies to look into the pandemic’s impact on the gender gap. A press release from the Department of Science and Technology (DST) on 7 August announced an “interactive session” hosted by the KIRAN division of the DST for 70 Indian women in science. It is not clear what steps the department plans to take to mitigate the disproportionate impact of the pandemic on the work of Indian women in science. However, the release did say: “Women scientists working as Principal Investigators of projects found the session very useful and appreciated DST’s efforts to reach out to them and clear their doubts.” Queries emailed to the DST Media Cell remained unanswered. HuffPost India will update this story once they respond.

The open letter by women scientists cited earlier in this story says that even “the lifelong battles for a place in science” had left the researchers unprepared for the gendered and racial inequalities they were experiencing in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. 

“The worst impacts of the coronavirus will undoubtedly be the loss of lives, the collapse of economies, the disruption of humanitarian aid and the decay of democracies. But we fear that the hard-won progress for women in science will be collateral damage of this crisis,” the letter reads.

One of the signatories of this letter was Krutika Kuppalli, a global health expert in infectious diseases; she has been the medical lead in setting up a Covid-19 field hospital in San Francisco and also served as expert witness in a hearing in the US House of Representatives to discuss how AI could help in the pandemic. 

“In the lead-up to writing the letter, a number of us were professing the challenges women were facing during this pandemic and in particular how there are a lot of articles being written about how men were the ones leading the efforts against the pandemic (see here, here, here and here),” Kuppalli told HuffPost India, adding that she and her peers realised women’s efforts were going unrecognised. 

“We thought that THAT was the story to tell. Because as we all know, women have not just been stepping up in leadership against this pandemic, but showing up in every shape and form. We wanted both the scientific and public community to know the role women have taken up,” she added.

A review of the Covid-19 response task forces of 24 countries found only 25% women in them and called “for more inclusive and transparent decision-making”. Another study where Kuppalli is one of the authors found that internationally, women make up only a third of clinical trial leadership.

“The science part of it is impacting everybody but there are social realities that get compounded to impact the women in science way more than it does the men. The problem is the hit that you take today is going to have consequences for a long time to come,” warned Gagandeep Kang.

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Today Breaking News ! आज 24 सितंबर 2020 के मुख्य समाचार बड़ी खबरें PM Modi, SBI, IPL, Delhi,Top News

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Amnesty International India Halts Operations, Blames Modi Government For ‘Witch-Hunt’


Amnesty International (AI) India on Tuesday announced that it has decided to halt operations and blamed the Narendra Modi government for a “witch-hunt of human rights organizations over unfounded and motivated allegations.” 

The organization said that it was compelled to let go of staff in India and pause all its ongoing campaign and research work after the complete freezing of its bank accounts by the government.

The Enforcement Directorate had initiated a probe last year, according to The Wire, after an information report filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Nov. 5, 2019. The directorate has frozen Amnesty International India’s bank accounts and invoked the Prevention of Money Laundering Act. 

In a statement on Tuesday, Avinash Kumar, Executive Director of Amnesty International India, said that the continuing crackdown on the organization in India over the last two years and the complete freezing of bank accounts is not accidental.

“The constant harassment by government agencies including the Enforcement Directorate is a result of our unequivocal calls for transparency in the government, more recently for accountability of the Delhi police and the Government of India regarding the grave human rights violations in Delhi riots and Jammu and Kashmir. For a movement that has done nothing but raise its voices against injustice, this latest attack is akin to freezing dissent,” Kumar said. 

Amnesty International India reiterated that it stands in full compliance with all applicable Indian and international laws.

“For human rights work in India, it operates through a distinct model of raising funds domestically. More than 4 million Indians have supported Amnesty International India’s work in the last eight years and around 100,000 Indians have made financial contributions. These contributions evidently cannot have any relation with the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010,” the organization said in a statement. 

Amnesty said the Indian government was “portraying this lawful fundraising model as money-laundering” and called it evidence of “overbroad legal framework” that is “maliciously activated when human rights activists and groups challenge the government’s grave inactions and excesses.”

The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2020 was recently passed in the Parliament in the absence of the opposition.

Amnesty International India added that the attacks on it and other outspoken human rights organizations, activists and human rights defenders are only an extension of the various repressive policies and sustained assault by the government on those who speak truth to power.

Kumar said that treating human rights organizations like “criminal enterprises and dissenting individuals as criminals without any credible evidence is a deliberate attempt by the Enforcement Directorate and Government of India to stoke a climate of fear and dismantle the critical voices in India.”

Amnesty International India demanded a probe in August into the allegations of human rights violations by the police during the Delhi riots. The organization, The Hindu reported, said it has documented several videos showing the Delhi police “pelting stones with the rioters, torturing people, dismantling protest sites and being mute bystanders.”

Amnesty report pointed to a video in which it said “Delhi police officers could be seen kicking and hitting a group of five wounded men” and asking them to sing the national anthem in February.

HuffPost India had also reported on the death of 23-year-old Faizan after he was violently assaulted by uniformed policemen and forced to sing the national anthem (see here and here).

The police termed the report “lopsided, biased against the police” and said that Amnesty was reportedly found violating provisions of the FCRA and that the CBI and the Enforcement Directorate are conducting investigations against it.

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India Hits New Milestone, Surpasses 5 Million Coronavirus Cases

NEW DELHI (AP) — India’s coronavirus confirmed cases crossed 5 million on Wednesday, still soaring and testing the country’s feeble health care system in tens of thousands of impoverished towns and villages.

The Health Ministry reported 90,123 new cases in the past 24 hours, raising the nation’s confirmed total to 5,020,359, about 0.35% of its nearly 1.4 billion population. It said 1,290 more people died in the past 24 hours, for a total of 82,066.

India’s total coronavirus caseload is closing in on the United States’ highest tally of more than 6.6 million cases and expected to surpass it within weeks.

India reported a record daily high of 97,570 cases on Sept. 11 and has added more than 1 million cases this month alone.

People wait in line to receive COVID-19 tests at a government hospital in Jammu, India on Tuesday.

People wait in line to receive COVID-19 tests at a government hospital in Jammu, India on Tuesday.

Experts warned that India’s case fatality rate could increase in coming weeks with lockdown restrictions relaxed except in high-risk areas.

But authorities ruled out imposing a second countrywide lockdown as recoveries were growing at more than 78%. Its fatality rate is 1.6%, far lower than 3% each in the United States and Brazil, according to the Johns Hopkins Medicine and University.

Dr. Gagandeep Kang, an infectious diseases expert from Christian Medical College in the southern Indian state of Vellore, said that the number of cases increasing in India was inevitable. But the country still had the opportunity to try and restrict cases through a strategy of testing and isolating the affected places.

She said that “the goal was for India to do enough testing to bring down test positivity rate, or fraction of tests that test positive to less than 5 percent or even less than 1 percent.”

Most of India’s deaths are concentrated in its large cities — Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Pune. But smaller urban centers in Mahrashtra like Nagpur or Jalgaon have also reported more than 1,000 deaths.

Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan said on Tuesday that only about 6% of the coronavirus patients in India were on oxygen — 0.31% on ventilators, 2.17% on intensive care unit beds with oxygen and 3.69% on oxygen beds.

Maharashtra state with more than 1 million cases remains the worst affected region in India, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh. These states account for more than 60% of coronavirus cases in the country.

The Health Ministry said 155 health workers, including 46 doctors, have died so far due to COVID-19.

India’s meager health resources are poorly divided across the country. Nearly 600 million Indians live in rural areas, and with the virus spreading fast across India’s vast hinterlands, health experts worry that hospitals could be overwhelmed 

Nationwide, India is testing more than 1 million samples per day, exceeding the World Health Organization’s benchmark of 140 tests per 1 million people. But many of these are antigen tests, which look for virus proteins and are faster but less accurate compared to RT-PCR, the gold standard for confirming the coronavirus by its genetic code.

With the economy contracting by a record 23.9% in the April-June quarter leaving millions jobless, the Indian government is continuing with relaxing lockdown restrictions that were imposed in late March. The government in May announced a $266 billion stimulus package, but consumer demand and manufacturing are yet to recover.

A large number of offices, shops, businesses, liquor shops, bars and restaurants have reopened. Restricted domestic and international evacuation flights are being operated every day along with train services.

Schools will reopen for senior students from 9-12th standards for consultation with teachers next week.

Associated Press Science Writer Aniruddha Ghosal contributed to this report.

A HuffPost Guide To Coronavirus

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